The debate over whether a college education should essentially be advanced job training， or whether it has other valuable purposes， goes on， and isnt likely to be resolved soon. A new statistic could chill supporters of the liberal arts： The number of English majors is down about 25% since the Great Recession a decade ago， according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Yet college enrollment in general has risen.
For many worthy reasons advocates have pushed hard for more students to enter science， technology， engineering， and mathematics—or STEM—fields. These skills are in ever-increasing demand by employers. Many students are under the pressure of ng a hard financial calculation： Will the job I enter out of college pay enough to offset the student loan debts Ill pile up？ When choosing a major， practicality may win out over passion.
Less well known， however， is that liberal arts majors arent suffering on payday nearly as much as many might assume. STEM grads race ahead on salaries with diploma in hand， but by age 40 those with humanities degrees have caught up， according to two researchers at Harvard University.
By its very nature liberal arts studies force students to dip into topics theyve never thought about. Who might they become as adults？ Their imaginations can be set free in unexpected ways， something that drilling down into a highly specialized STEM field too quickly may lack.
“You should pick a major youre excited about， and youre not going to know that for a couple of years，” former first lady Michelle Obama told a group of students who were the first in their families to attend college and wondering how to take advantage of the experience. “So just get out there and try some classes that make you feel excited， and pretty soon youll get a sense of which way to go. But take your time. There is no rush.”
Or as Derek Fox， a professor of astronomy （a STEM field） at The Pennsylvania State University， has put it： “Take humanities because of how they make you feel. Take humanities because of how much you love to think. Take humanities because when you push yourself， really push yourself， you realize how far you have to grow and how fast you are capable of getting there.”
Providing a moment in early adulthood when the kaleidoscope of life’s possibilities can be explored is something as many young Americans as possible should experience. Let them see the big picture of the world first. Then they’ll find where they best fit in. Humanities graduates routinely become lawyers and teachers and entrepreneurs and so many other things. Sometimes even baseball executives.
①The debate over whether a college education should essentially be advanced job training， or whether it has other valuable purposes， goes on， and isnt likely to be resolved soon. ②A new statistic could chill supporters of the liberal arts： The number of English majors is down about 25% since the Great Recession a decade ago， according to the National Center for Education Statistics. ③Yet college enrollment in general has risen.
debate 【 dɪˈbeɪt】 n. 争论，辩论
essentially 【ɪˈsenʃəli】 adv. 本质上，根本上
advanced 【ədˈvænst】 adj. 高级的
与课程连用表示“高级（课程）”此处，advanced job training，表示“高级职业培训”此外，与技术、方式、方法等连用，表示“先进的”意思。
valuable【ˈvæljuəbl】 adj. 重要的
statistic 【stəˈtɪstɪk】 n. 统计数据
chill 【tʃɪl】 v. （使）沮丧
enrollment 【ɪnˈroʊlmənt】 n. 入学（人数）
college education 大学教育
job training 职业培训
go on 继续，持续下去
be likely to 可能
2020英一完型）Scientists say the compound is likely to cause cancer but have no hard scientific proof.（科学家称这种化合物可能致癌，但没有确凿的科学依据。
liberal arts 人文学科
the Great Recession 大萧条
文中提到时间点a decade ago，因此，此处大萧条指的是2007-2008年间的次贷危机。
the National Center for Education Statistics美国国家教育统计中心
常见意思是“通常”放在句首使用。此处，其意思为“总体上”相当于as a whole。
The debate //over whether a college education should essentially be advanced job training， or whether it has other valuable purposes， //goes on， //and isnt likely to be resolved soon.
主干The debate goes on， and isnt likely to be resolved soon。其中，go on的意思是“继续”
修饰成分over whether … valuable purposes是定语，修饰debate。其中，whether … job training与whether … valuable purposes并列，or是标志词。
2004英一完型）For example， changes in the economy that lead to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain.（例如，经济变革导致年轻人就业机会减少，失业率总体上升使得有酬工作越来越难以获得。